The technological innovations of the 18th century

After the first attempts to produce porcelain in Florence under the Medici’s rule, during the Renaissance, it was only in 1710 that the first European manufacture of hard paste porcelain was settled in Meissen in Saxony. In a short time many porcelain manufactures arose all over Europe and in Italy: in Venice, first Giovanni Vezzi around 1720 and later Hewelcke and Geminiano Cozzi; in Doccia, near Florence, the Ginori manufacture in 1737;in Naples the Capodimonte Manifacture in 1740, later, from 1771 the “Real Fabbrica Ferdinandea”; in Piemonte the short experience of Vische and, from 1776, of Vinovo.

The creamware (white earthenware) was the other important ceramic innovation of the century, it was firstly produced in England in the Staffordshire region, around 1740 and startingfrom the second half of the 18th century a great quantity of English creamware vessels were sold in the European market. The creamware, even more than the porcelain, became popular in many Italian centers specialized in the production of majolica wares. Its particular malleability offered many possibilities to shape the surface of the artifacts in relief or pierced, and to decorate them in a refined way.

The majolica wares too renovated their aspect imitating the colors typical of the porcelains, above all the purple red and the green, obtained through the “third firing” technique. These decorative innovations embellished the artifacts with “chinoiseries” and naturalistic flowers motifs, above all the enchanting “rose” bouquets. 


Castelli,Gesualdo Fuina (1755-1822)



cm 24 x 18 x 12.7