Started in the middle of the Roman Imperial Age, the production of glazed ceramics established itself during the High Middle Ages, showing close relations with the artifacts from the Byzantine Orient. It is a long-running ceramic typology which flourished between the 9th and the 12th century, in particular in the Roman background. The name of these ceramics, “heavy glaze”, is due to the thick and rough glazing over their body. Time after time the glaze technique improved until becoming, in the second half of the 11th century, a decorative element. A typical shape of the Roman workshops is the jug with applied spout, it started to be produced in the 9th century.
In the 13th century the tin-glaze covering, already used in the Islamic world, was widely introduced in the Italian ceramic production. The first majolica wares were the proto-majolica of the south Italy and the archaic ceramics of the centre-north Italy. The archaic majolica was characterized by a rich decorative repertoire made of geometrical, vegetal motifs, emblems, epigraphs, animals, all stylized and colored of brown and green, with the late introduction of blue. These decorations characterized simple shapes, in particular closed ones such as jugs and “albarello” vases, or bowls, and basins.
End of the 14th century
cm 26.2 x 14.8 x Ø 12